Four hours to the south of Lima and just two hours from Ica, the area of Nazca has been inhabited by several pre-Incan cultures and then dominated by the Incas. The area is rich with ingenious primitive technology as seen in the Cantayoc Aqueducts as well as beautiful arts as displayed in the distinct artistic style of their ceramics. Of course, Nazca is most famous for its lines, which were discovered in 1927. Questions still remain for which reason these lines were created, why they are only visible from the air and what their main purpose was. Both Nazca lines and Nazca culture remain a mystery until today.
Tourism in the area is most directly related to those wanting to see the Nazca Lines, but there are several other areas worthy of a visit such as Cahuachi, Estaquería, Chauchilla cemetery and Paredones. You will also be able to find many ceramic artisans who still practice the ancient techniques of their ancestors.
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
Nazca boasts a dry and sunny climate year round with an average temperature of 27°C (80°F) during the summer months and 18°C (60°F) in winter, but having higher temperatures through most of the year, it is frequently referred to as the `City of Eternal Summer?. Located in the central coastal area of Peru, the area is mostly desert and low plains, but surround by hills where mining is a profitable and common activity.
Check out current Nazca Weather conditions at Weather.com
GETTING TO NAZCA
Buses leave Lima on a regular basis and the trip might be anywhere from 6-8 hrs long, depending on the company and number of stops along the way. Visitors may also choose to visit Nazca from Paracas (3 ½ hrs) or nearby Ica (2 hrs), in which case a bus or van are also an option.
The bus companies we most frequently recommend are Cruz del Sur, Ormeño and Oltursa.
GETTING AROUND NAZCA
Navigating Nazca is quite easy as most services are located within walking distance of the main hotels and plaza. Should you require a taxi, using a safe, secure car should cost no more than S/ 3 to travel to most areas.