Lima, the City of Kings, was the most important city to the Spanish during colonial times and remains as an important port and cultural center until today. Capital of Peru, the UNESCO named the historical center of Lima a ?Cultural World Heritage Site? due to its wealth of grand colonial constructions. As a modern and cosmopolitan city, Lima is a perfect blend of history and the contemporary ? from its buildings and services to the art and food.
Offering a wealth of options, you can dine in top-notch restaurants, enjoying the height of Peruvian gastronomy; tour museums with some of the most important pre-Inca and Incan artifacts and art in the country; dance the night away in a disco along the beach in Barranco or Miraflores; shop to your heart?s content at LarcoMar or try your luck in one of the many luxurious casinos.
: This is the oldest public place in Lima. In 1535 the conquistador Francisco Pizarro founded on the area of an existing indigenous settlement the city of Lima. He designed a main square in the central part of the future city Lima with all important institutions built around it.
Address: Jirón de La Unión Cuadra 3, Lima
: The Basilica Cathedral of Lima is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in Plaza Mayor ofdowntown Lima. First built in 1535, the Cathedral started life as a rustic and basic building constructed mainly of adobe. The interior is attractive, with a delicate vaulted ceiling and a checkerboard floor. It is embellished with some impressive baroque furnishings, the most notable of which are the intricately carved choir stalls. The highlight of a visit to the cathedral is the colorfully mosaiced chapel containing the tomb of Francisco Pizarro (1475-1541), Spanish conquistador, conqueror of the Inca Empire and founder of the city of Lima. There is also a small museum of religious art and artifacts.
Address: Plaza de Armas (Plaza Mayor), District of Lima.
San Francisco’s Monastery
: This bright yellow Franciscan monastery and church is most famous for its bone-lined catacombs (containing an estimated 70,000 remains) and its remarkable library housing 25,000 antique texts, some of which predate the conquest. But this baroque structure has many other treasures: the most spectacular is a geometric Moorish-style cupola over the main staircase, which was carved in 1625 (restored 1969) out of Nicaraguan cedar. In addition, the refectory contains 13 paintings of the biblical patriarch Jacob and his 12 sons, attributed to the studio of Spanish master Francisco de Zurbarán.
Address: Jirón Lampa y Ancash, Lima
GETTING TO LIMA
Jorge Chavez International Airport is located in Callao, 30 minutes northwest of the Miraflores district of Lima. All international flights arriving or leaving Peru transit through this airport, as so do many of Peru?s domestic flights. It?s best to plan on up to an hour for transit from Miraflores to the airport as traffic can be erratic. Airport authorities recommend arriving three hours ahead of an international flight or two hours prior to a national departure. As a precaution, be sure to reconfirm your flight with the airline 72-24 hours prior to departure, payment and reservation do not always guarantee a seat if you arrive late for check in! Departure taxes are now included in the cost of your ticket, but if you have any doubts, feel free to contact your agent.
While we always have transportation organized for you, should you want to arrive or depart the airport independently, there are no buses that service the airport, so a secure taxi is the best recommendation or you might organize a shuttle service from the hotel where you are staying in. A taxi generally costs $17 to/from Miraflores and $10 from the center of Lima. It is safer to take an official taxi from directly outside the arrival hall rather than an unofficial from further away, or book with an official company (which can sometimes be cheaper) located in the main arrival hall. Greentaxi and Taxi Seguro are two recommended options.
Unlike most cities in South America, Lima does not have one central bus terminal, but several smaller terminals shared by certain companies.The three safest and most reputable companies, with the most destinations in Peru are Cruz del Sur, Oltursa and Ormeño.
Cruz del Sur and Ormeño (Services north, south and central Peru)
Sales Office – JrQuilca 531, Lima center Tel 424 6158.
Bus Station – Av Javier Prado Este 1109, San Isidro Tel 225 6163
Oltursa (Services north and south Peru)
When taking a taxi in Peru, it is important to negotiate the price for the ride before getting in as the taxis here do not have meters. You should also make sure the taxi is official before getting in. It is best to always ensure that you take a secure taxi, especially at night by either asking your hotel or restaurant to call you one.
Lima’s climate is characterized by a curious combination of weather events: It is low in precipitation, but with a high level of humidity. The coast has a number of microclimates, which ultimately give the city a subtropical desert and humid climate. This results in a feeling of warm climate without extremes of heat or cold, with an average annual temperature of 66.2°F. In summer (December to April) temperature range is between 71.6°F and 82.4°F, while in winter between the 53.6°F and 66.2°F.